The Promise of a Multitude of Nations

“I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language…” — Revelation 7:9

The Jews are but one nation of Israel—Where did the great multitude come from?

“In those days the nation of Judah will live with the nation of Israel. They will come together from the land of the north to the land that I gave their ancestors as their own property.” — Jeremiah 3:18

“The people of Judah and the people of Israel will be reunited, and they will appoint one leader and will come up out of the land, for great will be the day of Jezreel.” — Hosea 1:11

“I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel. There will be one king over all of them and they will never again be two nations or be divided into two kingdoms.” — Ezekiel 37:22


ABRAHAM: “father of a multitude”

  • Genesis 13:16 “I will make your offspring like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone could count the dust, then your offspring could be counted.”
  • Genesis 15:5 “Look up at the sky and count the stars—if indeed you can count them. So shall your offspring be.”
  • Genesis 17:4 “As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations.”
  • Genesis 17:5 “No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father multitude of nations.”
  • Genesis 17:6 “I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you.”

ISAAC: “laughter”

  • Genesis 17:19 “Then God said, “Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him.”
  • Genesis 21:12 “But God said to him, “Do not be so distressed about the boy and your slave woman. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.”
  • Genesis 22:17 “I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies,”
  • Genesis 22:18 “and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.””
  • Genesis 24:60 “And they blessed Rebekah and said to her,“Our sister, may you increaseto thousands upon thousands;may your offspring possessthe cities of their enemies.”
  • Genesis 26:3 “Stay in this land for a while, and I will be with you and will bless you. For to you and your descendants I will give all these lands and will confirm the oath I swore to your father Abraham.”
  • Genesis 26:4 “I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and will give them all these lands, and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed,”
  • Genesis 26:24 “That night Yehowah appeared to him and said, “I am the God of your father Abraham. Do not be afraid, for I am with you; I will bless you and will increase the number of your descendants for the sake of my servant Abraham.””
  • Genesis 32:12 “But you have said, ‘I will surely make you prosper and will make your descendants like the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted.’”

JACOB (Yacob): “supplanter”; ISRAEL: “perseveres with El”

  • Genesis 28:14 “Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring.”
  • Genesis 35:11-12 “And God said to him, “I am God Almighty; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will be among your descendants. The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you.””
  • Genesis 48:3-4 “Jacob said to Joseph, “God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and there he blessed me and said to me, ‘I am going to make you fruitful and increase your numbers. I will make you a community of peoples, and I will give this land as an everlasting possession to your descendants after you.’”
  • Exodus 32:13 “Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac and Israel, to whom you swore by your own self: ‘I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and I will give your descendants all this land I promised them, and it will be their inheritance forever.’”
  • Deuteronomy 28:64 “Then Yehowah will scatter you among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other. There you will worship other gods—gods of wood and stone, which neither you nor your ancestors have known.”
  • Leviticus 26:33 “I will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you. Your land will be laid waste, and your cities will lie in ruins.”
  • Psalms 106:27 “Make their descendants fall among the nations and scatter them throughout the lands.”
  • 1Kings 14:15 “And Yehowah will strike Israel, so that it will be like a reed swaying in the water. He will uproot Israel from this good land that he gave to their ancestors and scatter them beyond the Euphrates River, because they aroused Yehowah’s anger by making Asherah poles.”
  • Isaiah 26:15 “You have enlarged the nation. You have gained glory for yourself; you have extended all the borders of the land.”
  • Isaiah 54:3 “For you will spread out to the right and to the left; your descendants will dispossess nations and settle in their desolate cities.”
  • Isaiah 61:9 “Their descendants will be known among the nations and their offspring among the peoples. All who see them will acknowledge that they are a people Yehowah has blessed.”
  • Jeremiah 13:24 “I will scatter you like chaff driven by the desert wind.”
  • Jeremiah 15:7 “I will winnow them with a winnowing forkat the city gates of the land.I will bring bereavement and destruction on my people,for they have not changed their ways.”
  • Jeremiah 23:8 “…but, ‘As Yehowah lives who brought the descendants of Israel up out of the land of the north and out of all the countries where he had banished them.’ Then they will live in their own land.””
  • Jeremiah 30:10 “‘So do not be afraid, Jacob my servant; do not be dismayed, Israel,’ declares Yehowah. ‘I will surely save you out of a distant place, your descendants from the land of their exile. Jacob will again have peace and security, and no one will make him afraid.”
  • Jeremiah 31:27 “Behold the days come, says Yehowah: and I will sow the House of Israel and the House of Judah with the seed of men, and with the seed of beasts.”
  • Jeremiah 31:28 “Just as I watched over them to uproot and tear down, and to overthrow, destroy and bring disaster, so I will watch over them to build and to plant,” says Yehowah.”
  • Ezekiel 5:10 “Therefore in your midst parents will eat their children, and children will eat their parents. I will inflict punishment on you and will scatter all your survivors to the winds.”
  • Ezekiel 22:15 “I will disperse you among the nations and scatter you through the countries; and I will put an end to your uncleanness.”
  • Nehemiah 1:8 “Remember the instruction you gave your servant Moses, saying, ‘If you are unfaithful, I will scatter you among the nations.”

JOSEPH (Yehoseph): “Yehowah gathers” the Northern Kingdom of Israel

  • Genesis 32:12 “For You said, ‘I shall certainly do good to you, and shall make your seed as the sand of the sea, which are too numerous to count.'”
  • Genesis 37:8 “And his brothers said to him, “Shall you indeed reign over us? Shall you indeed rule over us?” So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words.”
  • Genesis 48:4 “And said to me, Behold I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude of people; and will give this land to your seed after you, for an everlasting possession.”
  • Genesis 49:22 “Joseph is an offshoot of a fruit-bearing tree, an offshoot of a fruit-bearing tree by a fountain, his branches run over a wall.”
  • Genesis 49:23 “And the archers have bitterly grieved him, shot at him and hated him.”
  • Genesis 49:24 “But his bow remained in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob – from there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel -“
  • Genesis 49:25 “from the El of your father who helps you, and by the Almighty who blesses you with blessings of the heavens above, blessings of the deep that lies beneath, blessings of the breasts and of the womb.”
  • Genesis 49:26 “The blessings of your father have excelled the blessings of my ancestors, up to the limit of the everlasting hills. They are on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him who was separated from his brothers.”
  • Deuteronomy 33:13 “And of Joseph he said, “Blessed of Yehowah is his land, with the choicest from the heavens, with the dew, and the deep lying beneath,”
  • Deuteronomy 33:14 “with the choice fruits of the sun, with the choice yield of the months,”
  • Deuteronomy 33:15 “with the finest of the ancient mountains, with the choicest of the everlasting hills,”
  • Deuteronomy 33:16 “with the precious things of the earth and the fullness thereof, and the good pleasure of Him who dwelt in the bush. Let it come on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers.”
  • Deuteronomy 33:17 “His splendor is like a first-born bull, and his horns are like the horns of the wild ox. With them he pushes the peoples to the ends of the earth. And they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.”
  • Isaiah 54:3 “For you shall break forth to the right and to the left, and your seed inherit the nations, and make the deserted cities inhabited.”

EPHRAIM (Ephrayim): “double fruit” of the Northern Kingdom of Israel

  • Genesis 48:19 “And his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become the fullness of the nations.” (compare Romans 11:25)
  • Jeremiah 7:15 “And I shall cast you out of My presence, as I have cast out all your brothers, all the seed of Ephraim.”
  • Isaiah 7:8 “…and within threescore and five years, Ephraim shall cease to be a people:”
  • Hosea 1:10 “Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which is not measured nor counted. And it shall be in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ they shall be called, ‘You are the sons of the living El.'”
  • Hosea 2:23 “And I shall sow her for Myself in the earth, and I shall have compassion on her who had not obtained compassion. And I shall say to those who were not My people, ‘You are My people,’ while they say, ‘My Elohim!'”
  • Isaiah 5:13 “Therefore my people have gone into exile, because they have no knowledge. And their esteemed men are starved, and their crowd dried up with thirst.”
  • Isaiah 5:26 “And He shall lift up a banner to the nations from afar, and shall whistle to them from the end of the earth. And see, they come with speed, swiftly!”
  • Isaiah 11:12 “And He shall raise a banner for the nations, and gather the outcasts of Israel and assemble the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.”
  • Isaiah 11:13 “And the envy of Ephraim shall turn aside, and the adversaries of Judah be cut off. Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah not trouble Ephraim.”
  • Isaiah 49:20 “The children of whom you were bereaved will yet say in your ears, ‘The place is too cramped for me; Make room for me that I may live here.”
  • Ezekiel 37:9 “He then said to me, “Prophesy to the spirit, prophesy, son of man, and you shall say to the spirit, ‘Thus said the Master Yehowah, “Come from the four winds, O spirit, and breathe on these slain, so that they live.” ‘ “
  • Ezekiel 37:10 “And I prophesied as He commanded me, and the spirit came into them, and they lived, and stood upon their feet, a very great army.”
  • Ezekiel 37:11 “And He said to me, “Son of man, these bones are all the House of Israel. See, they say, ‘Our bones are dry, our expectancy has perished, and we ourselves have been cut off!'”
  • Ezekiel 37:12 “Therefore prophesy, and you shall say to them, ‘Thus said the Master Yehowah, “See, O My people, I am opening your graves, and shall bring you up from your graves, and shall bring you into the land of Israel.”
  • Ezekiel 37:13 “And you shall know that I am Yehowah, when I open your graves, O My people, and bring you up from your graves.”
  • Ezekiel 37:14 “And I shall put My Spirit in you, and you shall live, and I shall settle you in your own land. And you shall know that I Yehowah have spoken, and I have done it,” declares Yehowah.'”
  • Ezekiel 37:15 “And the word of Yehowah came to me, saying,”
  • Ezekiel 37:16 “And you, son of man, take a stick for yourself and write on it, ‘For Judah and for the children of Israel, his companions.’ Then take another stick and write on it, ‘For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the House of Israel, his companions.'”
  • Ezekiel 37:17 “Then bring them together for yourself into one stick, and they shall become one in your hand.”
  • Ezekiel 37:18 “And when the children of your people speak to you, saying, ‘Won’t you show us what you mean by these?'”
  • Ezekiel 37:19 “say to them, ‘Thus said the Master Yehowah, “See, I am taking the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel, his companions. And I shall give them unto him, with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick,” and they shall be one in My hand.” ‘”
  • Ezekiel 37:20 “And the sticks on which you write shall be in your hand before their eyes.”
  • Ezekiel 37:21 “And speak to them, ‘Thus said the Master Yehowah, “See, I am taking the children of Israel from among the gentiles, wherever they have gone, and shall gather them from all around, and I shall bring them into their land.”
  • Ezekiel 37:22 “And I shall make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel. And one sovereign shall be sovereign over them all, and let them no longer be two nations, and let them no longer be divided into two reigns.”
  • Ezekiel 37:23 “And they shall no longer defile themselves with their idols, nor with their disgusting matters, nor with any of their transgressions. And I shall save them from all their dwelling places in which they have sinned, and I shall cleanse them. And they shall be My people, and I be their Elohim,”
  • Ezekiel 37:24 “while David My servant is sovereign over them. And they shall all have one shepherd and walk in My right-rulings and guard My laws, and shall do them.”

David and Levi, the Sceptre of the Southern Kingdom Judah, of the Jews

  • Jeremiah 33:22 “As the host of heaven cannot be counted and the sand of the sea cannot be measured, so I will multiply the descendants of David My servant and the Levites who minister to Me.'”