Real marijuana has never killed anyone.
A teenage girl from Texas suffered from multiple strokes after smoking synthetic marijuana – leaving her brain damaged, blind and paralyzed, the Independent reported. Continue reading
A teenage girl from Texas suffered from multiple strokes after smoking synthetic marijuana – leaving her brain damaged, blind and paralyzed, the Independent reported. Continue reading
Posted on 18 December, 2011, Read more at Molly.com…
The Thymus Gland is located by the breastbone in the nook between our throat and shoulders. A small gland, at risk as our sensitive neck and spine adjust to the ever-shifting weight of our skulls.
The Thymus, throughout history, has been a bit mysterious. It is believed to be a part of human/primate immunity and behavioral posturing.
Imagine male Gorillas pounding their chests. It’s thought that gorillas don’t only posture, but stimulate a specific biological response – to excite or to calm – by pounding upon their prominent Thymus glands.
While it is true that patients who experience hypomania as a side effect of Clonazepam may prove to have a form of bipolar disorder that has previously gone unrecognized, drug-induced hypomania is not invariably indicative of bipolar affective disorders.
It’s frustrating because suddenly I’m facing the woes I wrote about in college regarding labeling mental illness, and the impact of the use of labels, such as “creative” or “over-achiever”.
Some people would include in the Bipolar Disorder category a consistently elevated mood called hyperthymia. Being constantly upbeat and always enthusiastic is not unheard of, but it is not the norm in the general population. It is more common to experience a fairly steady, neither-too-high-nor-too-low mood characterized by some contentment, some discontentment, some happiness, and some sadness — usually associated with external events such as receiving good news, problems with personal relationships, etc.
Does a long-lasting, exuberant mood that causes no problem need to be placed on the spectrum of mood disorders? In a clinical sense, no. If it poses no threat to anyone’s health, it is not a concern for psychiatrists. Cataloging and understanding a mental state like this, however, may help us better understand the full spectrum of emotional states related to mood disorders and provide clues about what can go wrong when moods become extreme.
Some people always seem to be upbeat and energetic, trying new things and initiating new projects. This trait, which is sometimes called hyperthymia, is not unlike being on a “permanent high.” Some people argue that hyperthymia is a type of mood disorder that results in high activity and inflated sense of self-esteem — something like living with constant hypomania but with the crucial difference that it is not as clearly episodic. Instead, it seems to last and is without any associated depression.
While observations of many people indicate some of them have this mood trait, hyperthymic disorder is not recognized as a mood disorder by either of the two mainstream authorities, the American Psychiatric Association and the World Health Organization. It appears in neither of their diagnostic manuals, the DSM IV and the ICD-10.
On the surface, people with hyperthymia seem optimistic and full of energy. They radiate self-confidence and self-reliance; they seem to believe they can do whatever needs to be done. They thrive on new experiences that promise variety, intrigue, and novelty. Usually, they have a great many personal interests, as well as plans for the future. They also can be articulate and witty.
It might be most accurate to think of hyperthymia as a temperament or personality trait rather than as a marker of a mental disorder. Of course, if this trait causes problems, then it becomes a legitimate subject for psychological or psychiatric care.
In fact, criticism of mainstream psychiatry is often directed at its alleged predisposition to label people with problems that don’t exist. The inclusion of homosexuality in earlier editions of the DSM IV — an error since corrected — is a frequently cited example. The reality is if someone is not unhappy, suffering, or a threat to themselves or others, psychiatrists have no reason to intervene. They are busy enough treating people with serious mental problems. It is only when complaints or serious problems appear that the labels of the DSM IV are applied as part of the process for providing effective treatment. A hyperthymic personality can be satisfying, productive, and creative. But if for some individuals it is a manifestation of a part of a spectrum of mood disorders, it could be problematic. For example, some people later diagnosed with bipolar disorder first seek help with depression after they have experienced a set-back in their lives. A close look back over their lives may reveal that they have been hyperthymic. Rather than having easily recognizable mood swings, these people may have been experiencing years of constant emotional elevation and enthusiasm along with a long history of uncompleted endeavors.
Also, the lack of a healthy response to the full range of life experience might cause problems for some people who always seem to have elevated spirits. A full, healthy life for most people includes periods of elation and introspection, action and reflection. If only one pole of our emotional lives is present, we may miss the benefits of the counterbalancing half of our responses to events. Consequently, we may lack understanding and empathy in the way we interact with people and respond to events in our lives.
“I know, you’re bi-polar.”
“Old man, look at my life, I’m a lot like you were.”
By RICHARD A. FRIEDMAN, M.D.
In the course of the last year, the woman lost her husband to cancer and then her job. But she did not come to my office as a patient; she sought advice about her teenage son who was having trouble dealing with his father’s death.
Despite crushing loss and stress, she was not at all depressed – sad, yes, but still upbeat. I found myself stunned by her resilience. What accounted for her ability to weather such sorrow with buoyant optimism? So I asked her directly.
“All my life,” she recalled recently, “I’ve been happy for no good reason. It’s just my nature, I guess.”
But it was more than that. She was a happy extrovert, full of energy and enthusiasm who was indefatigably sociable. And she could get by with five or six hours of sleep each night.
Like this woman, a journalist I know realized when she was a teenager that she was different from others. “It’s actually kind of embarrassing to be so cheerful and happy all the time,” she said. “When I was in high school I read the Robert Browning poem `My Last Duchess.’ In it, the narrator said he killed his wife, the duchess, because, `she had a heart – how shall I say, too soon made glad?’ And I thought, uh-oh, that’s me.”
These two women were lucky to be born with a joyous temperament, which in its most extreme forms is called hyperthymia. Cheerful despite life’s misfortunes, energetic and productive, they are often the envy of all who know them because they don’t even have to work at it.
In a sense, they are the psychiatric mirror image of people who suffer from a chronic, often lifelong, mild depression called dysthymia, which affects about 3 percent of American adults. Always down, dysthymics experience little pleasure and battle through life with a dreary pessimism. Despite whatever fortune comes their way, they remain glum.
But hyperthymia certainly doesn’t look like an illness; there appears to be no disadvantage to being a euphoric extrovert, except, perhaps, for inspiring an occasional homicidal impulse from jealous friends or peers. But little is actually known about people with hyperthymia for the simple reason that they don’t see psychiatrists complaining that they are happy.
I was talking with my momma this morning about orthomolecular medicine, and all the work she’s done to help people achieve better health over the years. Most often when I’m thinking about my momma in this regard, I think of how it is that she’s responsible for bringing life to families struggling to have children. What more beautiful work can there be as a humanitarian than to care for the quality of human life, and it’s propagation through it’s generations of families? Continue reading
Sometimes in this business you are called upon to treat a madman, or a madwoman, someone seemingly psychotic, talking way over your head, out there, but still oriented times three (person, place, time). You sense genius. You feel that this person is smarter than you are, or at least as smart.
You recognize, right away, undeniable talent and intellect. He is a song-writer, a one-hit wonder. She is an artist. He is a poet; she directs a television show. He is a computer programmer; she is a doctor. And you’re humble. You go home and think, why in the world see me?
But you know why. The patient needs your particular genius, because his madness is getting in the way. Others are complaining, complaining so loudly, you can hear them and they’re not in the room, not even in the building. You suspect mental illness.
And it usually is. Nassir Ghaemi, author of A First-Rate Madness: Uncovering the Links Between Leadership and Mental Illness, is of the opinion that it isn’t always so bad. Indeed, some creative people have a hyperthymic temperament. They rarely need therapy, not unless no one else will listen to them. It is not a disorder.— therapydoc is at gmaildotcom
“Many people who experience traumas [like terrorism or war] don’t develop PTSD or other illnesses. So the question is, what keeps those people from getting sick? What creates resilience?
The psychological research suggests that personality is a major factor.
Resilience seems to be associated with mild manic symptoms, but you can’t develop resilience unless you’ve already experienced trauma.
Many of these leaders faced adversity in their childhood and adulthood, and that seemed to make them better able to handle crises. It’s like a vaccine.
You get exposed to a little bit of a bacteria then you can handle major infections and I think trauma and resilience and hyperthymic personality seem to follow a similar path.”
PowerMeter Google Health and Google PowerMeter are both officially dead, irony aside. Google said that the two products were born out of a desire to help…
“It is no measure of health to be well adjusted to a profoundly sick society.”—J. Krishnamurti
In July 2011, I spent a total of nine days in the San Diego County Psychiatric Hospital. Being sane in an insane place is much harder than you might think, but then again maybe you don’t think I’m sane.*
I know how the caged bird sings, she sings with resonation found only on the super slick floors that only an insane asylum can afford where she sings “Crazy“.
“How do we know precisely what constitutes “normality” or mental illness? Conventional wisdom suggests that specially trained professionals have the ability to make reasonably accurate diagnoses. What is—or is not—“normal” may have much to do with the labels that are applied to people in particular settings.”
The Rosenhan experiment was a famous experiment into the validity of psychiatric diagnosis conducted by psychologist David Rosenhan in 1973. It was published in the journal Science under the title “On Being Sane in Insane Places.” Rosenhan DL (January 1973). The study is considered an important and influential criticism of psychiatric diagnosis. Lauren Slater later revisits the experiment and publishes her findings in Opening Skinner’s Box: Great Psychological Experiments of the Twentieth Century (2004).
Hagop Akiskal MD of UCSD, favors the term, “hyperthymic,” a temperament opposite to “depressive.” Dr Akiskal views temperament as coexisting on the same spectrum with illness, ranging from advantageous to pathological.
The DSM views hypomania as an “episode” that is part of bipolar disorder, but, unlike depression, it is not considered an illness in its own right. People may act a bit strange when hypomanic, but they tend to be able to hold onto their jobs and personal relationships. Indeed, when hypomanic our productivity and creativity and sociability tend to make us the envy of the rest of the world.
Individuals with a hyperthymic personality disorders are persistently more happy and optimistic than normal.
They have marked enthusiasm for life but on the other hand tend to be rash and show poor judgement.
Link: Hyperthymic Personality
Now, the better question would be, what if there is no depression? Can people just have mild mania? And the answer to that is at one level it appears that God or nature or Darwin or whoever evolved our brains or created our brains did it in such a way that it doesn’t seem that episodic, mild mania can happen by itself. It has not really been described that people can have intermittent hypomania and nothing else, no depression. It can happen, but it’s probably rare. Just having manic episodes without depressive episodes is reported in maybe 5 to 10 percent of bipolar patients, and we don’t really know if just having hypomanic episodes can happen.
Trying to capture all my thoughts is exhausting but seems necessary in my creative process. The connections I see forming, as I let my thoughts go rather than trying to focus them, are astounding. Continue reading
Clonazepam is primarily prescribed for epilepsy, but is also prescribed for panic and anxiety, which are indication of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
How it Works
In general, Clonazepam produces mild sedation by depressing activity in the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). In particular, clonazepam appears to enhance the effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a natural chemical that inhibits the firing of neurons and dampens the transmission of nerve signals, thus decreasing nervous excitation.
[blockquote align=”right”]Cognitive Remediation Therapy (CRT) is designed to improve neurocognitive abilities such as attention, working memory, cognitive flexibility and planning, and executive functioning which leads to improved social functioning. (See Clonazepam long term side effects on cognition.)[/blockquote]
Difficulty concentrating, outbursts of anger, other behavior problems, depression, hallucinations, low blood pressure (causing faintness or confusion), memory impairment, muscle weakness, skin rash or itching, sore throat, fever and chills, sores or ulcers in throat or mouth, unusual bruising or bleeding, extreme fatigue, yellowish tinge to eyes or skin.
Drowsiness, loss of coordination, unsteady gait, dizziness, lightheadedness, slurred speech.
Change in sexual desire or ability, constipation, false sense of well-being, nausea and vomiting, urinary problems, unusual fatigue.
Hawthorn may react antagonistically to clonazepam. Valerian and Kava Kava may interact additively (drowsiness): may exacerbate central nervous system depression (avoid this combination). Kola nut, Siberian ginseng, mate, and ma huang may blunt the benefits of this medicine. While St. John’s Wort is indicated for anxiety, it is also thought to increase (induce) cytochrome P450 enzymes and will tend to blunt clonazepam effectiveness.
Alcohol may increase the depressant effects of this medicament on the brain. It is advisable to avoid alcohol completely throughout the day and night-if it is necessary to drive or to engage in any hazardous activity.
Increased sedation and significant impairment of intellectual and physical performance.
Do not stop clonazepam suddenly if it was controlling any type of seizure, or if it was taken for more than 4 weeks. Dosing should be slowly decreased (tapered) to prevent a withdrawal syndrome.
“If you’re manic, you think you’re Jesus. If you’re hypomanic, you think you are God’s gift to technology investing.”
We were launching Microsoft Expression, and it was my job to bring together a group of people to be known as Microsoft User Experience Evangelists. I also worked with my friends to connect influencers with the right people inside Microsoft to get all kinds of good gooey goodness flowing in the community. I was so proud to work with Dave Shea, Molly Holzschlag, Eric Meyer, Tantek Ã‡elik, Andy Clarke, Jeremy Keith, and Lynda Weinman (whom I’d met previously, and adored)—and then there’s Joe Clark—people who I had “grown up with” on the Internet: they were my idols, soon they were my friends… And then there were the legendary technology & design focused agencies AvenueA/RazorFish, Adaptive Path, Blue Flavor, IDEO, FrogDesign, Zaaz, Y&R (the rest of my Mad Men era I’d already taken care with Creative Services at the Bank)… I’m sure I’m forgetting people (and companies), it was a whirlwind and my memory has never been all that great,—wow—just talking about that year exhausts me.
San Francisco. Snowing trying to catch a cab outside the Dogpatch Studios. Destination: The Clift Hotel to meet @t and @meyerweb.
I was kind of tired of not being tired, I was a little tired of not sleeping. I just wanted to chill out, I’d felt like I’d been running on adrenaline non-stop for the good portion of a year. I watched Tantek nod off, sitting next to me, while Eric and I caught up. Yes, I was working full time learning a new job as a product manager (I wanted to apply design to a different role, I’d been doing design for 10 years and just finished the user experience strategy for another entire Microsoft product lifecycle… time for a change!) going to school carrying more than a full course load by cutting out of work early. Maybe doing it all wasn’t all I wanted to do right now. Little did I know I’d soon be the one falling asleep, only for me it was at the Playboy party as SxSW tucked away in a corner of the VIP room, a true disco nap, if I’ve ever had one!
Chicago. I don’t really remember anything about being here besides dinner. But I don’t remember eating, not even sure I was there. I just remember that steak house I wanted to go to. I think I showed up after everyone was done. Oh! and there was some fantastic pizza. Who ever’s is the most legendary deep dish Chicago style pizza—we ordered from there. I remember that was yummy!
From 2006 to 2007, there was Mix ’06, Microsoft Expression Sessions, designertopia, ReMix, Web Directions North, SxSW, along with the various ones I can’t quite remember, like dropping in on BarCamp—was it? with Tantek—and meeting Chris Messina, and Jina Bolton for the time—the conversations we all had.
These were the women who really got it done—Miwa and Tiffany, the dyna-duo behind Microsoft Expression.
New York. Corrina came to meet me in New York City, or maybe she was there for the Vista / Office launch? I can’t recall. I remember being up all night, coming back to grab my bag and catching a cab straight to the airport in the dark, leaving both her—and my running shoes!—behind in the dark. The hotel was lovely and mailed my shoes home for me, where they would be waiting for me on return. Truth be told, I wasn’t using them anyway.
London. I was there for my European conference for the Microsoft Expression Launch : designertopia.
Vancouver, Canada. Web Directions North.
I remember I was only “home” for a few hours in Seattle for right around the middle of the Super Bowl, but even that was actually spent over at Flores’ Super Bowl party…
So I gave up my hippy-natural-Momma ideals, and went in to see my doctor (who I came to adore) and she prescribed me Clonazepam for my jet lag/insomnia, and said that it would also calm me down. She warned me that they were highly addictive and were more for “symptom” use, but if it worked then we’d see what she could do long term. I also told her about the blue light therapy device, as all the travel had caught up with me—ZÃ¼rich, London, Reading, Vancouver, Whistler, Chicago, Boston, Seattle, San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York… did I forget any?—and the light seemed to work; it’d put me back on schedule, no matter what time zone I was in.
296.40 Bipolar I Disorder, Most Recent Episode Hypomanic
Note: Hypomanic-like episodes that are clearly caused by somatic antidepressant treatment (e.g., medication, electroconvulsive therapy, light therapy) should not count toward a diagnosis of Bipolar II Disorder.
Reprinted with permission from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth Edition. Copyright 1994 American Psychiatric Association
Stress causes so many negative reactions in our body chemically, which in turn brings forth symptoms such as poor sleep or insomnia, mood swings and depression, and anxiety. Worse yet, most of us are so used to running ourselves ragged and altering our chemistry with stimulants such as caffeine (as I write this I’m sipping on my morning cappuccino) that we fail to notice we’re burnt out until it’s almost too late.
Case in point, I didn’t pay attention to what stress was doing to my body until the bags under my eyes showed up and decided to stay. It was vanity that made me stop and pay attention and wonder, what’s going on?
Let’s get real: this isn’t about being less stressed. Stress isn’t going to go away. This is about figuring out how to better support your body so it can cope.
First, let’s look at what this stress thing is all about. Your adrenal glands respond to stress â€“ they’re responsible for what we call the “fight or flight” mechanism of our body. The adrenal glands ready our body in case we need to run from a predator, our in this case deal with everyday high tech stress. Our healthy adrenal glands respond by releasing adrenaline, which makes us more alert and focused, and cortisol, which converts protein to energy and releases our stored sugar, glycogen, so our bodies have the fuel needed to respond quickly. (Excess cortisol leads to belly fat, by the way. But more about that another time!)
However, this process was meant to be a means by which we would handle an immediate threat. We were not meant to sustain the adrenal reaction to stress over a duration of time, or as consistently as we do in our modern technological always on lives.
Adaptogens are natural products proposed to increase the body’s resistance to stress, trauma, anxiety and fatigue.
â€¦ Now, many of my friends don’t believe in supplementing their body’s needs by taking natural products such as vitamins and minerals. You know, we’re supposed to get our nutrition from our food. While I agree in theory, I have to say there are several counters to that traditional belief. First, what do you eat every day? Are you eating a healthy, nutritious and well balanced diet? What about the food you’re eating, is it fresh, raw , and nutrient rich? Do you remember that Total cereal commercial where they showed how many bowls of that “other cereal” you’d have to eat to match the “total nutrition” in just one bowl of Total? Yeahâ€¦ better start eating and make a permanent reservation for the Rainbow Grocery produce aisle!…
So, back to adaptogens. If you’re interested in getting your body back under control, this is your first place to start. I take 2 capsules of New Chapter’s Stress Advantage immediately when I get up in the morning. It’s important to take it right away because your stress level and your bodies “alert level” has a baseline that is set when you first get up. It’s kind of like the National Security Alert Advisory being set each morning. Take two and cut your feeling of stress and anxiety off right away. This particular formula strengthens the cardiovascular, adrenal and immune system response to stress by means of the world’s most powerful adaptogens from Chinese, Indonesian, Indian, and Russian traditional medical systems. Better yet, New Chapter makes their formulas are from whole-food complex vitamins and minerals certified as being made with organic ingredients. This means a better quality, more effective product for faster and more noticeable results. I noticed a significant effect in how I felt just a few days after taking it (2 in the AM, 1 in afternoon).
Meanwhile, when you’re under stress, you burn through your bodies resources like crazy, namely your vitamins and minerals. You should be taking a daily vitamin, and I suggest using only those made by the highest quality. I lean to Nature’s Sunshine for pretty much all my nutritional supplements, and you now know I’m also a fan of New Chapter. Check out New Chapter’s Every Woman or Every Man daily supplement. Their daily formulas deliver nutritive and energizing probiotic vitamins and minerals as well as stress-balancing and free-radical scavenging herbs cultured for maximum effectiveness. (Probiotics are the good bacteria that you’re hearing about in all the yogurt commercials lately.)
Lastly, there are the basics. Drink plenty of water so that your body can flush toxins and stay hydrated. Try to get consistent good sleep each night for approximately 8 hours. I’m not going to debate “how much you need” here. Just try to sleep more and in the same consistent time frame. Lay off the caffeine, and if you can’t manage that, at least layoff in the afternoon so you don’t affect your sleep. Eat well—fresh fruits and vegetables, fish and whatnot. Stay away from things in packages and boxes that are laden with preservatives and have been enriched, bleached, and modified, especially with fake sugars.
If you try out this program, please let me know how it works for you!
A Word of Caution: Remember, these statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products, and my advice, are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. As with any dietary or herbal supplement, you should advise your health care practitioner of the use of this product. If you are nursing, pregnant, or considering pregnancy, you should consult your health care practitioner prior to using this product.
My friend Tara is getting married on Friday. True to her hectic schedule and high stress (read: frequent flyer exposed to many different germies) she’s come down with a cold.
I wish I would have shared my tried and true secret with her before, and saved her from the cold in the first place. Instead, let’s hope we’ve got her better in a hurry!
What I do: A couple of days before I travel, I start taking Wellness Formula. It’s a great combo I’ve found that has all the cold kicking, immunity boosting herbs, vitamins and minerals in it.
I actually carry a small bottle in my backpack (which I always have with me!) so I can take them if there’s any hint of feeling something. I keep a bottle at work, and another at home, and take them when I think about it in general (an ounce of prevention is betta…!).
Some of the ingredients which are key in fighting colds and boosting your immunity so you don’t get them in the first place are:
Astragalus: Immuno-stimulatory, Stamina/Chi.
This herb increases the body’s production of interferon, which protects cells from viral and bacterial lung infections. Astragalus also enhances the body’s production of immunoglobulin and stimulates macrophages. It can help activate T cells and natural killer cells. Several studies also show that astragalus proffers heart-protecting effects, including protection against oxidative damage.
Echinacea: Antibiotic, Lymph, Blood Purifier/Builder, Immune.
This herb enhances immunity and stops the cold and flu viruses from reproducing once they gain access to a cell. German research has shown that echinacea stimulates immune-system cells called macrophages (cells that consume disease-causing microbes).
Elderberry: Flu, Infection, Cough, Cold Sores, and Skin Conditions.
In one study, researchers gave elderberry syrup to some members of an Israeli kibbutz during a flu epidemic. Those who took the syrup recovered faster than those who did not.
Garlic: Colds, Yeast And Bacterial Infections, Normalizes Blood Pressure.
Numerous scientific studies support herbalists’ claims that garlic is a “natural antibiotic.” Researchers have found it to be particularly good for fighting strep infections.
Schisandra: Coughs, Night Sweats, Insomnia, Thirst, Physical Exhaustion, Stress.
In a Russian study, children in the town of Chirchik who were given this herb were more resistant to a flu epidemic that swept through their town.
Siberian Ginseng: Energy, Stress, Endurance, Depression, Senility, Nerves.
When researchers surveyed residents of the cold regions of north-eastern China, they found that those who took this herb regularly got far fewer colds and reported fewer cases of bronchitis.
Also see my personal reference page of the historical uses of Herbs, Vitamins & Minerals, and Flower Essences.
My skin has been breaking out lately. I’ve also been traveling internationally and my digestive system has suffered (yeah, you know what I mean). I just don’t feel like myself. Catching colds, though I never used to get sick. And just not quite 100%. Low energy. You know the feeling.
So I’ve decided I’m going to a full body internal cleanse. I’m going with Blessed Herbs’ kit because they make it so easy. Everything is packaged up for you, and the program is well thought out cleansing each of the body systems progressively.
Interested? Check out the Blessed Herbs Internal Cleansing Kit here.
I’m going to start out with fresh made juices and raw fruits and vegetables and go from there.
I’ll keep you informed as to my progress. First, a week of waiting for the cleanse to show up!
Fen-Phen, Slim Fast, DexaTrim, TrimSpa, South Beach, Atkins, The Zone, Weight Watchers, Low Fat, High Protein, Cardio, Weight Training, Pilates, and the list continues. Seems like everyone you talk to wants to lose at least 5 pounds, and little wonder why when there are an estimated 65% of Americans who are overweight or obese according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Continue reading
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSMIV) is not used to categorize or label people, but rather conditions or disorders that people have. If I said my friend Barbara is breast cancer, you would laugh at me, right? No, silly, you would say, Barbara has breast cancer. Well the same is for another friend. She isn’t a manic-depressive, she has manic depression. While it maybe true that labels may burden a patient with the stigma surrounding it, finally having something concrete to learn about, to understand, to fight against and to conquer can be such a relief. Labels provide patients with a means of communicating about what is going on with their body or psyche with others. It helps them identify and to find support. Continue reading